The Center for Chemical Evolution brings together a diverse group of scientists with backgrounds from several disciplines of chemistry and chemical engineering. Our continued research efforts focus on exploring chemical evolution and the chemistry associated with the origins of life. We anticipate that discoveries made within the Center will significantly contribute to this field, as well as to the greater scientific community. Our recent peer-reviewed publications are listed below.

Li, A., Zi, Y., Guo, H., Wang, Z. L., & Fernández, F. M. (2017). Triboelectric nanogenerators for sensitive nano-coulomb molecular mass spectrometry. Nature Nanotechnology.

He, C., Gállego, I., Laughlin, B., Grover, M. A., & Hud, N. V. (2017). A viscous solvent enables information transfer from gene-length nucleic acids in a model prebiotic replication cycle. Nature Chemistry (9) 4, 318-324.

Mannion, P., Zhen, T., Case, N., & Schork, F. J. (2017). Application of Polymer Reaction Modeling to Nonenzymatic Polynucleotide Replication. Macromolecular Reaction Engineering, 11(1).

Pasek, M. A. (2017). Schreibersite on the early earth: scenarios for prebiotic phosphorylation. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(2), 329-335.

Rice, G. B., Yerabolu, J. R., Krishnamurthy, R., & Springsteen, G. (2017). The Abiotic Oxidation of Organic Acids to Malonate. Synlett, 28(01), 98-102.

Benham, K., Hodyss, R., Fernández, F. M., & Orlando, T. M. (2016). Laser-Induced Acoustic Desorption Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization via VUV-Generating Microplasmas. Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 27(11), 1805-1812.

Mohammed, F. S., Chen, K., Mojica, M., Conley, M., Napoline, J. W., Butch, C., Pollet, P., Krishnamurthy, R., & Liotta, C. L. (2017). A Plausible Prebiotic Origin of Glyoxylate: Nonenzymatic Transamination Reactions of Glycine with Formaldehyde. Synlett, 28(01), 93-97.

Burcar, B., Pasek, M., Gull, M., Cafferty, B. J., Velasco, F., Hud, N. V., & Menor‐Salván, C. (2016). Darwin's Warm Little Pond: A One‐Pot Reaction for Prebiotic Phosphorylation and the Mobilization of Phosphate from Minerals in a Urea‐Based Solvent. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 55(42), 13249-13253.

Gavette, J. V., Stoop, M., Hud, N. V., & Krishnamurthy, R. (2016). RNA–DNA Chimeras in the Context of an RNA World Transition to an RNA/DNA World. Angewandte Chemie, 128(42), 13398-13403.

Yu, S. S., Krishnamurthy, R., Fernández, F. M., Hud, N. V., Schork, F. J., & Grover, M. A. (2016). Kinetics of prebiotic depsipeptide formation from the ester–amide exchange reaction. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18(41), 28441-28450.

Hud, N. V. (2017). Our Odyssey to Find a Plausible Prebiotic Path to RNA: The First Twenty Years. Synlett, 28(01), 36-55.

Li, C., Cafferty, B. J., Karunakaran, S. C., Schuster, G. B., & Hud, N. V. (2016). Formation of supramolecular assemblies and liquid crystals by purine nucleobases and cyanuric acid in water: implications for the possible origins of RNA. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18(30), 20091-20096.

Raggi, L., Bada, J. L., & Lazcano, A. (2016). On the lack of evolutionary continuity between prebiotic peptides and extant enzymes. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 10.1039/C6CP00793G

Cafferty, B. J., Musetti, C., Kim, K., Horowitz, E. D., Krishnamurthy, R., & Hud, N. V. (2016). Small molecule-mediated duplex formation of nucleic acids with ‘incompatible’ backbones. Chemical Communications, 52(31), 5436-5439. 10.1039/C6CC00779A

La Cruz, N. L., Qasim, D., Abbott-Lyon, H., Pirim, C., McKee, A. D., Orlando, T., ... & Pasek, M. A. (2016). The evolution of the surface of the mineral schreibersite in prebiotic chemistry. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics.

Cafferty, B. J., Fialho, D. M., Khanam, J., Krishnamurthy, R., & Hud, N. V. (2016). Spontaneous formation and base pairing of plausible prebiotic nucleotides in water. Nature Communications, 7.

Bernier, M. C., Alberici, R. M., Keelor, J. D., Dwivedi, P., Zambrzycki, S. C., Wallace, W. T., ... & Macatangay, A. (2016). Microplasma Ionization of Volatile Organics for Improving Air/Water Monitoring Systems On-Board the International Space Station. Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 1-8.

Butch, C. J., Wang, J., Gu, J., Vindas, R., Crowe, J., Pollet, P., ... & Liotta, C. L. (2016). pH‐controlled reaction divergence of decarboxylation versus fragmentation in reactions of dihydroxyfumarate with glyoxylate and formaldehyde: parallels to biological pathways. Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry.

Li, S., Mehta, A. K., Sidorov, A. N., Orlando, T. M., Jiang, Z., Anthony, N. R., & Lynn, D. G. (2016). Design of Asymmetric Peptide Bilayer Membranes. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 138(10), 3579-3586.  

Keelor, J. D., Farnsworth, P. B., Weber, A. L., Abbott-Lyon, H., & Fernández, F. M. (2016). Multimodal Vacuum-Assisted Plasma Ion (VaPI) Source with Transmission Mode and Laser Ablation Sampling Capabilities. Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 27 (5), 897-907.

Kaddi, C. D., Bennett, R. V., Paine, M. R., Banks, M. D., Weber, A. L., Fernández, F. M., & Wang, M. D. (2015). DetectTLC: Automated Reaction Mixture Screening Utilizing Quantitative Mass Spectrometry Image Features. Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 27(2) 359-365.
Pasek, M., Herschy, B., & Kee, T. P. (2015). Phosphorus: a Case for Mineral-Organic Reactions in Prebiotic Chemistry. Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 1-12.

Grover, M. A., He, C. Y., Hsieh, M. C., & Yu, S. S. (2015). A Chemical Engineering Perspective on the Origins of Life. Processes, 3(2), 309-338.

Pirim, C., Gann, R. D., McLain, J. L., & Orlando, T. M. (2015). Electron-molecule chemistry and charging processes on organic ices and Titan’s icy aerosol surrogates. Icarus, 258, 109-119.

Clairmont, R. M., Bommarius, A. S., & Weber, A. L. (2015). Imidazolium Catalysts Formed by an Iterative Synthetic Process as a Model System for Chemical Evolution. Journal of molecular evolution, 81(1-2), 1-9.

Forsythe, J. G., Petrov, A. S., Walker, C. A., Allen, S. J., Pellissier, J. S., Bush, M. F., & Fernández, F. M. (2015). Collision cross section calibrants for negative ion mode traveling wave ion mobility-mass spectrometry. Analyst.

Diez-Martinez, A., Kim, E. K., & Krishnamurthy, R. (2015). Hydrogen-Bonding Complexes of 5-Azauracil and Uracil Derivatives in Organic Medium. The Journal of organic chemistry, 80(14), 7066-7075.

Cafferty, B. J., & Hud, N. V. (2015). Was a Pyrimidine‐Pyrimidine Base Pair the Ancestor of Watson‐Crick Base Pairs? Insights from a Systematic Approach to the Origin of RNA. Israel Journal of Chemistry.

Smith, J. E., Liang, C., Tseng, M., Li, N., Li, S., Mowles, A. K., & Lynn, D. G. (2015). Defining the Dynamic Conformational Networks of Cross‐β Peptide Assembly. Israel Journal of Chemistry.

Gállego, I., Grover, M. A., & Hud, N. V. (2015). Folding and Imaging of DNA Nanostructures in Anhydrous and Hydrated Deep‐Eutectic Solvents. Angewandte Chemie International Edition.

Forsythe, J. G., Yu, S. S., Mamajanov, I., Grover, M. A., Krishnamurthy, R., Fernández, F. M., & Hud, N. V. (2015). Ester‐Mediated Amide Bond Formation Driven by Wet–Dry Cycles: A Possible Path to Polypeptides on the Prebiotic Earth. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 54(34), 9871-9875.

Pasek, M. A. (2015). Phosphorus as a lunar volatile. <em>Icarus</em>.

Efthymiou, T. & Krishnamurthy, R. (2015). Microwave-Assisted Phosphitylation of DNA and RNA Nucleosides and Their Analogs. <em>Current Protocols Nucleic Acid Chemistry</em>. 60:2.19.1-2.19.20.
http://dx.doi. 10.1002/0471142700.nc0219s60

Krishnamurthy, R. (2015). On the Emergence of RNA. <em>Israel Journal of Chemistry</em>, 0000(00), 1-15

Curtis, M., Keelor, J. D., Jones, C. M., Pittman, J. J., Jones, P. R., Sparkman, O. D., & Fernández, F. M. (2015). Schlieren visualization of fluid dynamics effects in direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry. <em>Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry</em>, 29(5), 431-439.

Basaran, I., Wang, X., Alamgir, A., Wang, J., Haque, S. A., Zhang, Y., Powell, M. R., Leszcynski, J., & Hossain, M. A. (2015). Synthesis and anion binding properties of a urea-based molecular cleft. <em>Tetrahedron Letters</em>, 56(5), 657-661.

Parker, E. T., Zhou, M., Burton, A. S., Glavin, D. P., Dworkin, J. P., Krishnamurthy, R., Fernández, F. M. & Bada, J. L. (2014). A plausible simultaneous synthesis of amino acids and simple peptides on the primordial Earth. <em>Angewandte Chemie</em>, 126(31), 8270-8274.

Li, S., Sidorov, A. N., Mehta, A. K., Bisignano, A. J., Das, D., Childers, W. S., Schuler, E., Jiang, Z., Orlando, T.M., Berland, K., & Lynn, D. G. (2014). Neurofibrillar Tangle Surrogates: Histone H1 Binding to Patterned Phosphotyrosine Peptide Nanotubes. <em>Biochemistry</em>, 53(26), 4225-4227.

Krishnamurthy, R. (2014). RNA as an Emergent Entity: An Understanding Gained Through Studying its Nonfunctional Alternatives. <em>Synlett</em>, 25(11), 1511-1517.

Meher, G., Efthymiou, T., Stoop, M., & Krishnamurthy, R. (2014). Microwave-assisted preparation of nucleoside-phosphoramidites. <em>Chemical Communications</em>, 50(56), 7463-7465.

Hernandez, A. F., Wagner, M. J., & Grover, M. A. (2014). Model identification of a template-directed peptide network for optimization in a continuous reactor. <em>Chemical Communications</em>, 50(29), 3849-3851.

Guo, Q., Mehta, A. K., Grover, M. A., Chen, W., Lynn, D. G., & Chen, Z. (2014). Shape selection and multi-stability in helical ribbons. <em>Applied Physics Letters</em>, 104(21), 211901.

Kim, K., Punna, V., Karri, P., & Krishnamurthy, R. (2014). Synthesis of phosphoramidites of isoGNA, an isomer of glycerol nucleic acid. Beilstein <em>Journal of Organic Chemistry</em>, 10(1), 2131-2138.

Gull, M., Zhou, M., Fernández, F. M., & Pasek, M. A. (2014). Prebiotic phosphate ester syntheses in a deep eutectic solvent. <em>Journal of Molecular Evolution</em>, 78(2), 109-117.

Cafferty, B. J., Avirah, R. R., Schuster, G. B., & Hud, N. V. (2014). Ultra-sensitive pH control of supramolecular polymers and hydrogels: pKa matching of biomimetic monomers. <em>Chemical Science</em>, 5(12), 4681-4686.

Smith, J. E., Mowles, A. K., Mehta, A. K., & Lynn, D. G. (2014). Looked at Life from Both Sides Now. <em>Life</em>, 4(4), 887-902.

Pasek, M. A., Sampson, J. M., & Atlas, Z. (2014). Redox chemistry in the phosphorus biogeochemical cycle. <em>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</em>, 111(43), 15468-15473.

Newton, P. N., Tabernero, P., Dwivedi, P., Culzoni, M. J., Monge, M. E., Swamidoss, I., Green, M.D., Jähnke, R., Santos de Oliviera, S., Simano, J., White, N.J., & Fernández, F. M. (2014). Falsified medicines in Africa: all talk, no action. <em>The Lancet Global Health</em>, 2(9), e509-e510. (Access to CCE instrumentation was acknowledged in this high profile study)

Monge, M. E., Dwivedi, P., Zhou, M., Payne, M., Harris, C., House, B., Juggins, Y., Cizmarik, P., Newton, P.N., Fernández, F.M., & Jenkins, D. (2014). A tiered analytical approach for investigating poor quality emergency contraceptives.<em> PloS one </em>, 9(4), e95353. (Access to CCE instrumentation was acknowledged in this high profile study) 

Reininger, C., Woodfield, K., Keelor, J. D., Kaylor, A., Fernández, F. M., & Farnsworth, P. B. (2014). Absolute number densities of helium metastable atoms determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy in helium plasma-based discharges used as ambient desorption/ionization sources for mass spectrometry. <em> Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy </em>, 100, 98-104.

Symonds, J. M., Gann, R. N., Fernández, F. M., & Orlando, T. M. (2014). Microplasma Discharge Vacuum Ultraviolet Photoionization Source for Atmospheric Pressure Ionization Mass Spectrometry. <em> Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry </em>, 25(9), 1557-1564.

Keelor, J. D., Dwivedi, P., & Fernández, F. M. (2014). An Effective Approach for Coupling Direct Analysis in Real Time with Atmospheric Pressure Drift Tube Ion Mobility Spectrometry. <em>Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry</em>, 25(9), 1538-1548.

Cleaves, H. J., Neish, C., Callahan, M. P., Parker, E., Fernández, F. M., & Dworkin, J. P. (2014). Amino acids generated from hydrated Titan tholins: Comparison with Miller–Urey electric discharge products. <em>Icarus</em>, 237, 182-189.

Räsänen, R. M., Dwivedi, P., Fernández, F. M., & Kauppila, T. J. (2014). Desorption atmospheric pressure photoionization and direct analysis in real time coupled with travelling wave ion mobility mass spectrometry. <em> Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry </em>, 28(21), 2325-2336.

Cafferty, B. J., & Hud, N. V. (2014). Abiotic synthesis of RNA in water: a common goal of prebiotic chemistry and bottom-up synthetic biology. <em>Current Opinion in Chemical Biology</em>, 22, 146-157.

Gull, M. (2014). Prebiotic Phosphorylation Reactions on the Early Earth. <em>Challenges</em>, 5(2), 193-212.

Pirim, C., Pasek, M. A., Sokolov, D. A., Sidorov, A. N., Gann, R. D., & Orlando, T. M. (2014). Investigation of schreibersite and intrinsic oxidation products from Sikhote-Alin, Seymchan, and Odessa meteorites and Fe3P and Fe2NiP synthetic surrogates. <em>Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta</em>, 140, 259-274.

Hernandez, A. F., Wagner, M. J., & Grover, M. A. (2014). Model identification of a template-directed peptide network for optimization in a continuous reactor. <em>Chemical Communications</em>, 50(29), 3849-3851.

Bennett, R. V., Morzan, E. M., Huckaby, J. O., Monge, M. E., Christensen, H. I., & Fernández, F. M. (2014). Robotic plasma probe ionization mass spectrometry (RoPPI-MS) of non-planar surfaces. <em>Analyst</em>, 139(11), 2658-2662.

Portella, G., Germann, M. W., Hud, N.V., & Orozco, M. (2014). MD and NMR Analyses of Choline and TMA Binding to Duplex DNA: On the Origins of Aberrant Sequence-Dependent Stability by Alkyl Cations in Aqueous and Water-Free Solvents. <em>Journal of the American Chemical Society</em>, 136(8), 3075-3086. 

Dawley, M. M., Pirim, C. , & Orlando, T. M. (2014). Radiation Processing of Formamide and Formamide: Water Ices on Silicate Grain Analog. <em> The Journal of Physical Chemistry A</em>, 118(7), 1228-1236. 

Dawley, M. M., Pirim, C., & Orlando, T. M. (2014). Thermal Processing of Formamide Ices on Silicate Grain Analogue. <em>The Journal of Physical Chemistry A</em>, 118(7), 1220-1227. 

Mamajanov, I., MacDonald, P. J., Ying, J., Duncanson, D. M., Dowdy, G. R., Walker, C. A., Engelhart, A. E., Fernández, F. M., Grover, M. A., Hud, N. V., & Schork, F. J. (2014). Ester Formation and Hydrolysis during Wet–Dry Cycles: Generation of Far-from-Equilibrium Polymers in a Model Prebiotic Reaction. <em>Macromolecules</em>, 47(4), 1334-1343. 

Parker, E. T., Cleaves, H.J., Burton, A. S., Glavin, D. P., Dworkin, J. P., Zhou, M., Bada, J. L., & Fernández, F. M. (2013). Conducting Miller-Urey Experiments. <em>Journal of Visualized Experiments</em>, 83, 1-13. 

Chen, M.C., Cafferty, B.J., Mamajanov, I., Gallego, I., Khanam, J., Krishnamurthy, R., & Hud, N.V. (2013). Spontaneous Prebiotic Formation of a β-Ribofuranoside That Self-Assembles with a Complementary Heterocycle. <em>Journal of the American Chemical Society</em>, 136(15), 5640-5646. 

Stoop, M., Meher, G., Karri, P., & Krishnamurthy, R. (2013). Chemical Etiology of Nucleic Acid Structure: The Pentulofuranosyl Oligonucleotide Systems: The (1' -> 3')-beta-L-Ribulo, (4' -> 3')-alpha-L-Xylulo, and (1' -> 3')-alpha-L-Xylulo Nucleic Acids. <em>Chemistry: A European Journal</em>, 19 (45), 15336-15345. 

Butch, C., Cope, E.D., Pollet, P., Gelbaum, L., Krishnamurthy, R., & Liotta, C.L., (2013). Production of Tartrates by Cyanide-Mediated Dimerization of Glyoxylate: A Potential Abiotic Pathway to the Citric Acid Cycle. <em>Journal of the American Chemical Society</em>, 135 (36), 13440-13445. 

Pasek, M.A., Harnmeijer, J. P., Buick, R., Gull, M., & Atlas, Z. (2013). Evidence for reactive reduced phosphorus species in the early Archean ocean. <em>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA</em>, 110 (25), 10089-94. 

Karri, P., Punna, V., Kim, K., & Krishnamurthy, R. (2013). Base-pairing properties of isoGNA. <em>Angewandte Chemie, International Edition</em, 52 (22), 5840-5844. 

Cleaves, H.J. (2013). <em>Prebiotic Chemistry: Geochemical Context and Reaction Screening</em>. Life, 3 (2), 331-345. 

Gull, M. & Pasek M. A. (2013). Is Struvite a Prebiotic Mineral? <em>Life</em>, 3(2), 321-330.

Wang, J., Gu, J., Nguyen, M. T., Springsteen, G., & Leszczynski, J. (2013). From Formamide to Adenine: A Self-Catalytic Mechanism for an Abiotic Approach. <em>The Journal of Physical Chemistry B</em>, 117(45), 14039-14045.

Wang, J., Gu, J., Nguyen, M. T., Springsteen, G., & Leszczynski, J. (2013). From Formamide to Purine: A Self-Catalyzed Reaction Pathway Provides a Feasible Mechanism for the Entire Process. <em>The Journal of Physical Chemistry B</em>, 117(32), 9333-9342.

Hud, N.V., Cafferty, B.J., Krishnamurthy, R., & Williams, L.D. (2013). The Origin of RNA and “My Grandfather’s Axe”. <em>Chemistry & Biology</em>, 20(4), 466-474. 

Monge, M. E., Harris, G.A., Dwivedi, P., & Fernández, F.M. (2013). Mass Spectrometry: Recent Advances in Direct Open Air Surface Sampling/Ionization. <em>Chemical Reviews</em>, 113 (4), 2269-2308. 

Cafferty, B.J., Gállego, I., Chen, M.C., Farley, K.I., Eritja R., & Hud, N.V. (2013). Efficient self-assembly in water of long noncovalent polymers by nucleobase analogs. <em>Journal of the American Chemical Society</em>, 135 (7), 2447-2450. 
Wang, J., Gu, J., Nguyen, M.T., Springsteen, G.S., & Leszczynski, J. (2013). From Formamide to Purine: An Energetically Viable Mechanistic Reaction Pathway. <em>Journal of Physical Chemistry B</em>, 117(8), 2314-2320. 

Bennett, R.V., Cleaves, H.J., Davis, J.M., Sokolov, D.A., Orlando, T.M., Bada, J. L., & Fernández, F. M. (2013). Desorption Electrospray Ionization Imaging Mass Spectrometry as a Tool for Investigating Model Prebiotic Reactions on Mineral Surfaces. <em>Analytical Chemistry</em>, 85(3), 1276–1279. 

Bada, J.L. (2013). New insights into prebiotic chemistry from Stanley Miller’s spark discharge experiments. <em>Chemical Society Reviews</em>, 42, 2186-2196. 

Kuruvilla, E., Schuster, G. B., & Hud, N. V. (2013). Enhanced Nonenzymatic Ligation of Homopurine Miniduplexes: Support for Greater Base Stacking in a Pre‐RNA World. <em>ChemBioChem</em>, 14(1), 45-48. 

Goodwin, J. T., Mehta A. K., & Lynn D. G. (2012). Digital and Analog Chemical Evolution. <em>Account of Chemical Research</em>, 4551(12), 2189–2199. 

Krishnamurthy, R. (2012). Role of pKa of Nucleobases in the Origins of Chemical Evolution. <em>Accounts of Chemical Research</em>, 45(12), 2035-2044.
Michalkova S.A., Dawley, M. M., Orlando, T. M., Hill, F. C., & Leszczynski, J. (2012). Theoretical Study of the Roles of Na+ and Water on the Adsorption of Formamide on Kaolinite Surfaces. <em>The Journal of Physical Chemistry C</em>, 116(45), 23992–005. 

Dawley, M. M., Michalkova S.A. Hill, F. C., Leszczynski, J., & Orlando T. M. (2012). Adsorption of Formamide on Kaolinite Surfaces: A Combined Infrared Experimental and Theoretical Study. <em>Journal of Physical Chemistry C</em>, 116(45), 23981-91. 

Cleaves, H. J. (2012). Prebiotic chemistry: What we know, what we don’t. <em>Evolution: Education and Outreach</em>, 5(3), 342-360. 

Ni, R., Childers, W. S., Hardcastle, K. I., Mehta, A. K., & Lynn, D. G. (2012). Remodeling Cross-β Nanotube Surfaces with Peptide/Lipid Chimeras. <em>Angewandte Chemie, International Edition</em>, 51, 6635-6638. 

Lannan, F., Mamajanov, I., & Hud, N.V. (2012). Human Telomere Sequence DNA in Water-Free and High-Viscosity Solvents: G-quadruplex Folding Governed by Kramers Rate Theory, <em>Journal of the American Chemical Society</em>, 134(37), 15324-15330. 

Childers, W. S., Anthony, N. R., Mehta, A. K., Berland, K. M., & Lynn, D. L. (2012). Phase Networks of Cross-β Peptide Assemblies, <em>Langmuir</em>, 28, 6386-6395. 

Engelhart, A.E., Cafferty, B.J., Okafor, C.D., Chen, M.C., Williams, L.D., Lynn, D.G., & Hud, N.V. (2012). Nonenzymatic ligation of DNA with a reversible step and a final linkage that can be used in PCR, <em>ChemBioChem</em>, 13, 1121-1124. 

Walker, S.I., Grover, M.A., & Hud, N.V. (2012). Universal Sequence Replication, Reversible Polymerization and Early Functional Biopolymers: A Model for the Initiation of Prebiotic Sequence Evolution, <em>PLoS ONE</em>, 7, e34166. 

Hudson, J. S., Eberle, J. F., Vachhani, R. H., Rogers, L. C., Wade, J. H., Krishnamurthy, R., & Springsteen, G. (2012).  A unified mechanism for abiotic adenine and purine synthesis in formamide, <em>Angewandte Chemie, International Edition</em>, 51, 5134-5137. 

Sagi, V. N., Punna, V., Hu, F., Meher, G., & Krishnamurthy, R. (2012). Exploratory experiments on the chemistry of the "glyoxylate scenario": formation of ketosugars from dihydroxyfumarate, <em>Journal of the American Chemical Society</em>, 134, 3577. 

Li, X. Y., Hernandez, A. F., Grover, M. A., Hud, N. V., & Lynn, D. G. (2011). Step-Growth Control in Template-Directed Polymerization, <em>Heterocycles</em>, 82, 1477. 

Meher, G. & Krishnamurthy, R. (2011). An expedient synthesis of L-ribulose and derivatives, <em>Carbohydrate Research</em>, 346, 703-707. 

Parker, E. T., Cleaves, H. J., Dworkin, J. P., Glavin, D. P., Callahan, M., Aubrey, A., Lazcano, A., & Bada, J.L. (2011). Primordial synthesis of amines and amino acids in a 1958 Miller H2S-rich spark discharge experiment, <em>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA</em>, 108, 5526-5531. 

Parker, E. T., Cleaves, H. J., Callahan, M. P., Dworkin, J. P., Glavin, D. P., Lazcano, A., & Bada, J. L. (2011). Prebiotic synthesis of methionine and other sulfur-containing organic compounds on the primitive Earth: a contemporary reassessment based on an unpublished 1958 Stanley Miller experiment, <em>Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres</em>, 41, 201-212. 

Anumukonda, L. N., Young, A., Lynn, D. G., Buckley, R., Warrayat, A., Graves, C. L., Bean, H. D., & Hud, N. V. (2011). Adenine Synthesis in a Model Prebiotic Reaction: Connecting Origin of Life Chemistry with Biology, <em>Journal of Chemical Education</em>, 88, 1698-1701. 

Nguyen, V. S., Abbott, H. L., Dawley, M. M., Orlando, T. M., Leszczynski, J., & Nguyen, M. T. (2011). Theoretical study of formamide decomposition pathways, <em>Journal of Physical Chemistry A</em>, 115, 841-851. 

Michalkova, A., Robinson, T. L., & Leszczynski, J. (2011). Adsorption of thymine and uracil on 1:1 clay mineral surfaces: comprehensive ab initio study on influence of sodium cation and water, <em>Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics</em>, 13, 7862-7881. 

Michalkova, A., Kholod, Y., Kosenkov, D., Gorb, L., & Leszczynski, J., (2011). Origin of Life: Viability of Pyrite Pulled Metabolism in the "Iron-Sulfur World" Theory. Quantum Chemical Assessment, <em>Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta</em>, 75(7), 1933-1941. 

Liang, Y., Lynn, D. G., & Berland, K. M. (2010). Direct observation of nucleation and growth in amyloid self-assembly, <em>Journal of the American Chemical Society</em>, 132, 6306-6308. 

Childers, W. S., Mehta, A. K., Ni, R., Taylor, J. V., & Lynn, D. G. (2010). Peptides organized as bilayer membranes, <em>Angewandte Chemie, International Edition</em>, 49, 4104-4107. 

Barks, H. L., Buckley, R. E., Grieves, G. A., DiMauro, E., Hud, N. V., & Orlando, T. M. (2010). Guanine, adenine and hypoxanthine production in UV-irradiated formamide solutions: Relaxation of the requirements for prebiotic purine nucleobase formation, <em>ChemBioChem</em>, 11, 1240-1243. 

Horowitz, E. D., Engelhart, A. E., Chen, M. C., Quarles, K. A., Smith, M. W., Lynn, D. G., & Hud, N. V. (2010). Intercalation as a means to suppress cyclization and promote polymerization of base-pairing oligonucleotides in a prebiotic world, <em>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA</em>, 107, 5288-5293. 

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